The formation of the National Accreditation System in the Republic of Belarus started in 1992. The state standards of the Republic of Belarus were developed on the basis of EN 45000 series and ISO/IEC Guides. Thereby the principles of the National Accreditation System of the Republic of Belarus were harmonized with the international requirements.
Before 2010 accreditation was performed by several accreditation bodies. In 2010 they were merged into one legal entity – thus, the Republican Unitary Enterprise “Belarusian State Centre for Accreditation” was established as the sole accreditation body of the Republic of Belarus. There was a transition period within which BSCA accreditation rules and procedures were brought into compliance with EA requirements.
A new legislative act “Accreditation Rules” was adopted and registered in the National Register of Legal acts of the Republic of Belarus (N 8/24689 of 12 January 2012). This legal act states fields of activities of the accreditation body, lays down its powers and responsibilities and sets rights and obligations of accredited CABs/applicants for accreditation. This legal act obliges accreditation body to follow ISO/IEC 17011 requirements and requires that applicants for accreditation and accredited CABs comply with the requirements of relevant conformity assessment standards and EA, ILAC, IAF documents.
So far BSCA is an EA and ILAC associate member and a member of IAF. BSCA is aimed at reaching BLA/MLA/MRA signatory status within these co-operations in the fields of testing, calibration, certification of products, management systems and personnel.
BSCA legal responsibility is set in several legal acts:
of state registration as a legal entity. BSCA is an
independent, state-owned legal entity which was registered on
16th August 2010 and was assigned a
unique number 191318134 within the State Register of legal entities of the Republic
of Belarus. On 10th November 2010 BSCA has shortened its
abbreviation from “State Enterprise “Belarusian State Centre for Accreditation”
to “State Enterprise “BSCA” – this resulted in issuance of an updated
certificate of state registration, but the unique registration number 191318134
stayed the same.
- The Law of the Republic of Belarus N
437-З of October 24, 2016 “On
assessment for compliance with technical requirements and on accreditation of
conformity assessment bodies” (hereinafter – the Law on
accreditation). The Law on accreditation sets general legal regulation in the field
of accreditation and refers to “Accreditation Rules” as more detailed legal act in
the field of accreditation.
- Legal act “Accreditation Rules” (National
Register of Legal acts of the Republic of Belarus – N 8/24689 of 12 January
2012). In accordance with the Accreditation
Rules BSCA is the national accreditation body of Belarus. This legal
act lays down powers and responsibilities of accreditation body and sets rights
and obligations of accredited CABs/applicants for accreditation. It also
describes procedures for accreditation (initial, reaccreditation and
surveillance etc.), sets rules for applying accreditation symbols and lays down
the template for accreditation certificate.
- As a legal entity BSCA
operates in accordance with the Statute. BSCA has separate property,
operates on the principles of cost accounting (this is prescribed by the
article 43 of the Law on accreditation) and bears full financial responsibility
for fulfilling its obligations arising from its activity. BSCA can acquire and exercise property and
non-property rights in accordance with national legislation, may sue in the
court and be sued.